Posted on: 17 June 2015 by Mark Howells
The CEOs of Europe’s five largest airline groups – Air France KLM, easyJet, International Airlines Group, Lufthansa Group and Ryanair – have agreed to work together to lobby for the development of a new EU Aviation Strategy that they say “will support growth and jobs across Europe, strengthen the sector and give Europe’s passengers lower fares and more choice”.
The collaboration comes in response to EU Transport Commissioner Violeta Bulc’s consultation on a new EU Aviation Strategy. The five believe such a strategy should match the revolution in aviation that the liberalisation of Europe’s airline sector created a generation ago, through the creation of the internal aviation market.
The five airlines identified four measures that would support the Commission‘s objectives of enhancing the competitiveness of the European air transport industry both at European and international level, supporting growth and jobs across Europe and which would help consumers through the provision of more flights and lower fares.
These measures are:
• The development of an EU Aviation strategy with a plan for a simple efficient regulatory structure, which would strengthen the competitiveness of European airlines, ensure jobs and growth through innovation (e.g. Horizon 2020), protect consumer interests and promote more efficiency to reduce costs.
• Lowering the cost of the EU’s airports by ensuring that monopoly airports are effectively regulated; ensuring that passengers receive the full benefit of the commercial revenues which they create at airports; and that security charges are efficient. This could be achieved by reforming the Airport Charges Directive.
• Delivering reliable and efficient airspace by reducing the cost of ATC provision; ensuring that ATC strikes do not cause disruption to passengers across Europe; resetting the Single European Sky strategy by focusing on using new technology to make efficiency savings; and using SESAR funding to drive compliance with the Single Sky framework.
• Stimulating more economic activity and jobs by creating the right regulatory environment, removing passenger taxes and unreasonable environmental taxes.
The five CEOs – Alexandre de Juniac, Carolyn McCall, Willie Walsh, Carsten Spohr and Michael O’Leary – relased an outline of their joint vision:
“Europe’s airlines form the most competitive sector in aviation with a diverse mix of carriers offering competition and choice to consumers. This is the first time we have set aside our competitive battles to highlight the importance of a new European Aviation Strategy,” they noted. “The liberalisation of aviation in Europe in the 1990s, creating a fully liberalised single market with a comprehensive common regulatory framework 18 years ago, strongly enhanced competition across Europe. As a result, consumers have benefited with substantially lower fares and more routes across Europe and to the rest of the world. At the same time, EU airlines have maintained leading safety standards. The range and quality of services have increased and airline costs have fallen by 1%-2% per year for the last two decades.
“We believe that this decline should now be matched by a reduction in those costs which airlines do not control themselves,” the 5 argued. “As the new Transport Commissioner prepares a new Aviation Strategy for Europe, she must drive more competition, encourage more efficiency and help reduce costs in other parts of our industry (such as monopoly airports and Air Traffic Control providers) and reduce the tax burden on passengers.”
The group of 5 believe that the proposed measures will create many hundreds of thousands of jobs – particularly for young people, at a time of high youth unemployment in countries such as Italy or Spain – and increase Europe’s GDP. The group will write to Commissioner Bulc asking for these measures to be put in place.
Alongside the proposed policy positions the five CEOs confirmed their support for several key principles and action items which should underpin EU aviation policy. The most important of these, they say, is the commitment to safety and ensuring that safety standards are developed based on a risk based scientific assessment.
The CEOs confirmed their support for the liberalisation of the whole aviation value chain and for pro-competition policy and regulation within the EU. They also confirmed their opposition to State-aid, as a general principle, to airlines and airports. They agreed that EU and national regulation and policies should support the efficient delivery of services, and that this includes the need for efficient operations to minimise the environmental impact of aviation. The importance of balanced consumer rights was also underlined; EU and national policies need to ensure that consumer rights are respected.
The five airlines believe that airline representation in Brussels today is not as effective as it could be – with six airline representative organisations – and agreed to explore possible forms of future representation.
ACI-Europe disappointed by Big 5 plans
Following those remarks released by the CEOs of AirFrance-KLM, easyJet, IAG, Lufthansa Group and Ryanair, ACI-Europe issued a stinging response “to set the record straight” about airport charges.
ACI-Europe noted that airport charges have been regulated at EU level since 2007. The implementation of this regulation was the subject of an extensive report last year. It remains a subject that is regularly monitored by the European Commission.
“Airlines are not paying the full cost of the airport infrastructure they use – far from it,” declared teh airport association. “Each year, the revenues collected from airport charges levied on both airlines and passengers fall over €3 billion short of covering airports’ operating expenses. This also means that not one cent of airport capital expenditure is paid for by airlines. This situation reflects the extensive competitive pressures on airports and the fact that airport competition is now a reality across Europe.”
The 5 airlines contend that reductions in airport charges at major airports through tighter regulation would save consumers €1.5 billion in lower fares. ACI-Europe’s response was unequivocal. “This extraordinary claim hinges on one key assumption – that any such reduction in airport charges would be passed on 100% by airlines to passengers. Yet, independent research has shown that at major airports, airlines are in fact able to charge passengers a significant non-cost related premium. This implies that any mandated reduction in airport charges is highly unlikely to be passed on to passengers. Hence, the underlying rationale of airline lobbying to artificially lower airport charges is more about benefit to airline shareholders than the travelling public,” the organisation stated..
Olivier Jankovec, director general of ACI-Europe said, “Major airlines already have a free lunch, now they also want a free dinner. Let’s get real here, airline interest does not necessarily equal consumer interest. Assuming airlines would pass mandated reductions in airport charges on to consumers is ludicrous to say the least. More than that, it flies in the face of reality – just consider the fact that most airlines do not even effectively refund airport charges and other ticket taxes to passengers who do not take their flight.
“We find it disappointing that the 5 biggest European airlines rely on such an archaic suggestion as one of their main contributions to the forthcoming EU Aviation strategy.”